Trusted teacher: Armenian language for everyone Armenian (Հայերեն, Hayerēn) is the Indo-European language spoken in Armenia by the vast majority of the population. The language is spoken by about 6 million people, not only in Armenia, but also in Nagorno-Karabakh and the Armenian Diaspora, such as France and the United States. Armenian has its own alphabet, developed by St. Mesrop Masjtots. It forms an independent branch of the Indo-European language family and is the only living entity of three related languages from antiquity. The other two, Thracian and Phrygian, have disappeared under the pressure of Greek or Latin.